AGRI-BRIEFS
  AGRONOMIC NEWS ITEMS
From Agronomists of the
Potash & Phosphate Institute
655 Engineering Drive, Suite 110
Norcross, Georgia 30092-2837
Phone (770) 447-0335

Fall 2005, No. 3

FUELING THE GROWTH OF COTTON

Successful cotton growers must be well acquainted with their fields. Nothing can substitute for learning the language of the crop in the field and how to interpret these messages. Optimizing cotton production and profit requires close attention to all inputs and an understanding of cotton development, soil conditions, and plant tissue analysis.

Cotton’s negative reputation for being taxing on soil is quite incorrect. This myth originated from the lack of nutrient inputs provided to continuously grown cotton in the 1800s—resulting in a steady soil fertility decline. Early farmers recognized that cotton tolerated relatively infertile soils, so they applied manure and nutrients to other, more nutrient-demanding crops. In doing so, yields gradually declined where cotton was continuously planted without replenishing the nutrients.

Modern cotton production requires an adequate supply of all the essential nutrients for top yields. With Acala varieties, approximately 50 to 67% of the final dry weight of the aboveground dry matter is in the boll. Cotton is grown primarily for lint, which is composed of 95 to 98% cellulose and 1% minerals. Cotton lint is 99% composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen—constituents derived from air and water. However, cottonseed removes a considerable amount of nutrients. The leaves and stems also contain sizable amounts of nutrients required to support the growth of the boll.

Here’s why potassium and phosphorus are key nutrients for achieving top cotton production.


A new publication from PPI titled Be Your Own Cotton Doctor offers growers and their advisers and consultants a new tool. The 8-page booklet features 40 color illustrations showing typical symptoms of nutrient deficiencies, toxicities, diseases, and other disorders in cotton production. It is available through the website: >www.ppi-ppic.org/cottondoc<. Or call the Circulation Department at (770) 825-8082.

—RLM—

For more information, contact Dr. Robert L. Mikkelsen, Western Director, PPI, 617 Oeste Drive, Davis, CA 95616. Phone: (530) 758-4237. E-mail: rmikkelsen@ppi-far.org.

Fall 2005 Agri-Briefs#3.pdf
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