AGRONOMIC NEWS ITEMS
From Agronomists of the
Potash & Phosphate Institute
655 Engineering Drive, Suite 110
Norcross, Georgia 30092-2837
Phone (770) 447-0335
Spring 2005, No. 4
The Midwest provides many examples of the impacts of higher yields on nutrient removal this year. In Indiana and Illinois, corn yields in 2004 averaged 10 to 15% higher than 2003, while soybean yields averaged 36% higher. Iowa saw a spectacular 51% increase in soybean yield in 2004. Corn removal rates of phosphorus and potassium ranged, in the Northcentral region, from 46 to 77 pounds of P2O5 per acre and 34 to 54 pounds of K2O per acre. Nutrient removal rates by soybeans in this region were 26 to 43 pounds of P2O5 per acre and 46 to 74 pounds of K2O per acre.
Yields, combined with nutrient removal rates by each crop in 2004 showed, in many cases:
• corn removed more phosphorus per acre than soybeans
Here are some tasks that will need to be performed in the coming year:
• Re-evaluate soil sampling schedules. Consider sampling fields more often to gain a better sense of how soil test levels are changing over time in response to management practices and seasonal fluctuations in crop removal.
• Consider sampling corn and soybean grain for nutrient content. Doing so will give you insight into nutrient removal rates occurring in your area, under your management practices and environmental conditions.
• Make any needed adjustments in nutrient application rates.
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