From Agronomists of the
Potash & Phosphate Institute
655 Engineering Drive, Suite 110
Norcross, Georgia 30092-2837
Phone (770) 447-0335

Spring 2005, No. 4


Harvest in 2004 was marked by record-breaking yields in many areas of North America. State-average yields were up more than 50% in some areas of the country. Nationally, corn yields were up nearly 13% from last year, while soybean yields in 2004 were over 25% higher than in 2003. These higher-than-expected yields require that nutrient management plans be updated to account for the greater quantities of phosphorus and potassium removed by crop harvest.

The Midwest provides many examples of the impacts of higher yields on nutrient removal this year. In Indiana and Illinois, corn yields in 2004 averaged 10 to 15% higher than 2003, while soybean yields averaged 36% higher. Iowa saw a spectacular 51% increase in soybean yield in 2004. Corn removal rates of phosphorus and potassium ranged, in the Northcentral region, from 46 to 77 pounds of P2O5 per acre and 34 to 54 pounds of K2O per acre. Nutrient removal rates by soybeans in this region were 26 to 43 pounds of P2O5 per acre and 46 to 74 pounds of K2O per acre.

Yields, combined with nutrient removal rates by each crop in 2004 showed, in many cases:

What do these greater nutrient removal rates in 2004 mean to future management decisions?

Here are some tasks that will need to be performed in the coming year:


For more information, contact Dr. T. Scott Murrell, Northcentral Director, PPI, 3579 Commonwealth Road, Woodbury, MN 55125. Phone: (651) 264-1936. E-mail:

Spring Agri-Briefs 2005-4.pdf
Copyright 1996-2018 by Potash & Phosphate Institute. All rights reserved.